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handicapped children,

Disabled Mouth and Dental Health

While handicapped children are usually involved in the rehabilitation of basic health problems, oral and dental hygiene are neglected. In this process, however, dental problems and gum disease progress and treatment reach strength stages. Applying preventive treatments to be applied in the early stages and giving parental education about oral and dental health is the most important solution to preventing future oral and dental diseases.

As with normal children, teeth should be cleaned by a mothers or nursing mothers with a wet gauze or cheesecloth after each day when they are in the mouth. Around the age of 2, tooth care is initiated using a toothbrush without putty, small and soft hairy for children. After 3-3,5 years of age and when the spitting function is performed, the child's mouth and dental care should be done using the fluoride containing child toothpaste. If possible, the teeth should be cleaned after each meal and should be fed with food products that will not cause tooth decay.

Which Type Should Brush Be Used in Handicapped Children?

A special toothbrush for children with disabilities is produced. In addition, for the child who can do his own brushing process, various modifications can be made to the handle of the normal child brush to facilitate the maintenance of the toothbrush. Electric toothbrushes also provide ease of use for disabled people due to vibration and dental cleanliness.

The most effective method of removing food residues and bacterial plaque on the teeth is mechanical cleaning using brush and paste. If this is not possible, it is possible to remove food residues from the mouth with wet gauze yam cotton sticks. It can also benefit from gargling to prevent bacterial plaque formation in the mouth.

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