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Tooth cavities are small holes that slowly develop in the teeth because of tooth decay. It is generally caused by the consumption of carbohydrate foods, Coca-cola and similar soft drinks, cake, chocolate and similar sticky foods, which stay on the surface of a tooth for too long. The bacteria found in the mouth feed on these food wastes and with the help of micro-organisms, they produce acids. Eventually, this acidic environment causes erosion of the teeth which leads to decay and cavities.


A conservative approach to dental treatment would be of the preventative sort. The aim is to treat the cavity to prevent it from progressing any more than it has and to repair the tooth tissue that has been lost due to decay. After oral and radiological examination, a filling and root canal treatment procedure is determined. The filling procedure is done with the aim of preserving the aesthetic and functional form that the tooth has lost. Various types of material are used for the filling procedure. These are Amalgam filling, composite resin filling, and porcelain/ceramic filling materials.


Amalgam fillings are known as silver or metal fillings. Amalgam is produced by the mixture of silver, tin, zinc, copper, and mercury. Mercury constitutes 45-50% of the mixture and ensures the metals combine and form a sturdy and strong filling material. The mercury contained in amalgam fillings is not poisonous. When combined with other metals, the chemical structure of mercury alters and transforms into a harmless substance. The amount of mercury released in the mouth as a result of chewing and the digestive process itself, it much less than the amount of mercury we are exposed to from water, air or food intake.


Composite resin is an aesthetic filling material produced and used for many years as an alternative to amalgam fillings. It is applied to the hard tissue of teeth with an adhesive agent and offers a variety of color options. Having an aesthetic value, being easy to apply and the fact that it does not undergo transformations in size or shape in the mouth, it is generally preferred as filling material for front teeth. Composite resin fillings have a high preference rate in modern conservative dental surgery. Composite resin applications are a more economical choice in comparison to porcelain or gold fillings and is a technique which only requires a single session for the application.

After a tooth cavity is cleaned out, the natural color of the tooth is determined and a paste-like composite resin material is applied. It is shaped accordingly, and hardened with blue light technology Later, the surface of the tooth is polished until it shines like the surfaces of other teeth. Tea, coffee, cigarettes and other substances can stain the filling material. To prevent stains or keep them at a minimum, the patient is required to steer clear of certain foods and drinks that may stain the material for 48 hours.


Teeth must be brushed as directed by your dentist, twice a day with a fluoride toothpaste. Foods that cause tooth decay must be avoided and eating between meals should be avoided as much as possible. Regular visits the dentist - at least every 6 months - is highly recommended.

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