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GUM DISEASE

This is a branch of dentistry which deals with tooth and gum health diagnosing illnesses in these tissues, treatment of gum disease and maintaining gum health post-treatment.

WHAT DOES A HEALTHY GUM LOOK LIKE?

A healthy gum is usually light pink in color, matt, has the texture of an orange skin, is hard (does not bleed) and it ends with a very fine edge at the base of the tooth. It does not bleed when you brush your teeth or when you eat.

HOW DO YOU GET GUM DISEASE?

Smoking, stress, teeth clenching, bad diet, genetic factors, some medication, pregnancy or diabetes are all causes of gum disease. Gum disease is a form of infection. There is one dominant factor for gum disease. When the bacteria caused by our oral flora, epithelium and other cell waste, various saliva proteins and food remains stick on the surface of teeth, they become a “microbial dental plaque.” Bacteria plaque that is not cleansed twice every 24 hours, triggers the formation of gum disease.

WHAT ARE THE CAUSES OF GINGIVITIS?

Tartar,

Bad Oral Hygiene,

Overflowing Fillings,

Incompatible Crown Braces,

Incorrect Brushing,

Genetics,

Periodontal Diseases.

WHAT IS TARTAR?

Tartar is a bacteria plaque that forms due to residue build up on the surface of the tooth which hardens in time. Tartar removal is not harmful to the teeth or gums. Removal of tartar from around the base of the teeth causes the natural or pathological gaps to be felt more. To prevent tartar build up or at least keep it at a minimum, regular brushing with a fluoride toothpaste and regular flossing is a must.

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