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periodantal disease

Dental disease, inflammatory diseases of soft and hard tissues surrounding teeth, and dentistry that deals with the treatment of these diseases. Our teeth are buried in the jaw bones, in the so-called alveolar bone. With the aid of a fibroelastic tissue called "periodontal ligaments", the alveolar bone and the root surface of the tooth are connected to each other, and this fibroelastic tissue allows the functional forces on the teeth to be softened and transmitted to the jawbone, which covers the gingiva and mouth mucosa.

Healthy gums; light pink color, matte, ending like a knife ridge where the tooth combines, and a rough texture resembling an orange crust on its surface. It can not bleed when brushing or eating. A healthy gum brings a groove around the neck in the neck of the female. This structure, called "gingival", deepens in the diseased tissue and plays a decisive role in diagnosing the dentist's disease.


Cigarette, stress, tooth tightening, unbalanced nutrition, genetics, certain medicines, pregnancy and diabetes caused by diseases such as gums.

Gum disease is infectious diseases. Gum disease has only one main effect. Bacteria, epithelium and other cell debris from the oral fluoride, various salivary proteins, and food residues are called "microbial dental plaque" when they adhere tightly to the tooth surface. At least twice within 24 hours, the bacteria that are not removed out of the mouth initiate the gum disease.

It is a physiological process to cover the teeth of the plaque and it is not possible to prevent it. As the plaque, which is harmless in the first few hours, reaches a certain thickness, the bacteria in it begin to synthesize toxic substances which cause inflammation. After this stage, the disease begins and sneaks as the bacteria plaque is not removed regularly and effectively from the tooth surface.

The majority of periodontal diseases are chronic inflammatory diseases. If an acute abscess formation is not present, they do not give noticeable symptoms like pain. Periodontal diseases are present in the mouth for many years and can progress without any noticeable symptoms and cause tooth loss. In the early stages of inflammation, only the gingiva's health deteriorates. At this stage, the disease is called gingivitis. The gingiva is red and swollen, while the teeth are being brushed, sometimes there is gum bleeding, which is self-inflicted. In the very early stages of gingivitis, the patient's oral hygiene standard may be increased and informed by a professional about microbial dental plaque control may be sufficient for the treatment of the disease. For the treatment of established gingivitis, tooth cleaning is done. This treatment is aimed at improving the oral hygiene standard of the patient as it is in the treatment of all periodontal diseases.

Periodontal ligament and alveolar bone are also affected by the periodontal tissue from the inflamed gingival to the periodontitis. The Periodontal pocket presence and radiographic are important criteria in the diagnosis of periodontitis. As the periodontitis progresses, gingival recessions may occur and tingling sensations with cold, hot stimulants may occur in the teeth. At further stages, appear formation around the teeth may cause tooth swing and loss.

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